- The Emperor Kangxi’s Sacred Edicts in 1670 (康熙）聖諭十六條. , I found this close to modern translation of the poem, which turned 16 Chinese commands into a modern poem by Zhu Zeliang, (朱子良) (English translation by Lydia Gerber.)
聖祖仁皇帝（康熙）聖諭十六條 Kangxi’s Sacred Edicts (1670):
Highly esteem filial piety and the proper relations among brother’s in order to give due importance to social relations.
Give due weight to kinship in order to promote harmony and peace.
Maintain good relations within the neighborhood in order to prevent quarrels and lawsuits.
Give due importance to farming and the cultivation of mulberry tree in order to ensure sufficient clothing and food.
Be moderate and economical in order to avoid wasting away your livelihood.
Make the most of schools and academies in order to honor the ways of scholars.
Denounce strange belief in order to elevate the true doctrine.
Explain-laws and regulations in order to warn the ignorant and obstinate.
Show propriety and courtesy to improve customs and manners.
Work hard in your professions in order to quiet your ambitions.
Instruct sons and younger brothers in order to prevent their committing any wrong.
Put a stop to false accusations in order to protect the good and honest.
Warn against giving shelter to deserters in order to avoid punishment with them.
Promptly and fully pay your taxes in order to avoid forced requisition.
Get together in-groups of ten or a hundred in order to put an end to theft and robbery.
16.解仇憤以重身命（怨毒于人不自由，冤冤相報幾時休。亡身招禍非為勇，唾面自乾豈是柔。)Free yourself from resentment and anger in order to show respect for your body and life.”
Another translation from “China, Korea & Japan to 1800” by Sanderson Beck 1. Stress filial piety and brotherly love to exalt human relations.
2. Be sincere to your kindred to manifest the virtue of harmony.
3. Maintain peace in your local communities to absolve quarrels and litigation.
4. Emphasize agriculture and sericulture to insure a full supply of food and clothing.
5. Promote thrift to save expenditures.
6. Expand schools to rectify the behavior of scholars.
7. Reject heterodox doctrines to honor the orthodox learning.
8. Make known the laws to warn the foolish and obstinate.
9. Manifest propriety and righteousness to cultivate good customs.
10. Accept your own calling to the end that the minds of all may be stabilized.
11. Admonish your children and youngsters against evil doing.
12. Eliminate false accusations to preserve the good and innocent.
13. Refrain from protecting fugitives to avoid collective punishment.
14. Complete tax payments to dispense with official prompting.
15. Cooperate with the baojia neighborhood organizations to forestall burglary and thievery.
16. Resolve vengeance and animosities to guard your own lives.
- Zhu Xi’s Family Rules(朱子家训):
人能如是，天必相之。 此乃日用長行之道，若衣服之于身體，飲食之于口腹，不可一日無也，可不慎哉！ English translation by Xiao En Group (孝恩集团): The father cherishes affectionate love of the son; the son cherishes filial piety to the father.
The ruler cherishes benevolence to the people; the minister cherishes loyalty to the ruler and the country.
The elder brother cherishes amiability with the younger brother; the younger brother cherishes respect of the elder brother.
The husband cherishes harmonious relationship with the wife; the wife cherishes tenderness toward the husband.
In serving the teacher, propriety should be emphasized; in making friends with others, trust should prevail.
When meeting an elderly person, pay him respect; when seeing a child, give him love.
Respect a person of virtue even though he is younger than you are, and stay away from a person good-for-nothing even though he is older than you are.
Be careful not to talk about other people’s shortcomings or show off your superiority.
Reconcile with your enemies through the practice of justice, and return others’ grumbles against you with sincerity.
Feel at home and compose yourself wherever or in whatever circumstances you are.
Tolerate others’ small faults and give reasonable advice to those who have made big mistakes.
Do not overlook any good deeds or commit any evils however small they are.
Try to help a person mend his mistake instead of publicizing it and always praise a person who has done a good deed.
Put aside personal enmities when getting along with people and do not apply private rules when dealing with family affairs.
Do not make gains at others' expense or grudge others’ abilities and successes.
Do not get angry and turn irrational with those unreasonable persons.
Do not transgress against nature and harm any living things.
Do not accept any unrightful wealth; always follow the path of justice.
Do not ignore school learning or be ignorant of propriety and justice.
Educate your children and show sympathy for your boy servants.
Respect the learned and the virtuous, and help those in difficulties.
These are principles that all human beings must follow as a way of conforming to the values of propriety.
By following these principles, you are fulfilling your duties as prescribed by Heaven.
If you follow these principles, Heaven will reciprocate your effort.
Like clothes and foods and drinks to our body, they are essential to our daily life and therefore must be taken seriously!”
- Zhu Bei Lu’s Family Recommendations (朱柏庐治家格言):
Get up early in the morning and clean inside and outside. Check all the doors before you go to sleep at night.
Think about every meal before you eat and every piece of clothing before you dress. They were not obtained easily.
Prepare everything first; repair the house before the rains. Do not wait until you are thirsty to dig the well.
Do not waste; saving is a must. Do not bring up the past while dining with your guests.
Keep China dishes clean, even though they are made from soil; they are better than dishes made of gold and jade. Saving food makes the food precious, even though \ the vegetables are from your garden; they taste better than precious.
Do not build luxury homes; do not be eager to buy beautiful gardens.
Over-exposed beautiful women will not bring happiness home.
Do not hire beautiful maids; wives should not have heavy makeup.
Although ancestors left us a long time ago, memorials should be sincere. Although the grandchildren are slow to learn, they need to learn all the classics.
Live a simple life; set a good example for the young.
Do not take things that are not yours; do not drink too much.
When doing business with small vendors, do not cheat. Help your poor neighbors.
Wealth does not last long when you mistreat others; people who go against nature will not last.
Family members need to help each other out. The rich need to help the poor. A family needs to have a set of strict rules; the adults need to maintain their principles for the young.
Listening to women’s gossip will hurt the family; it will not make a good husband. Put money and property first; not taking care of your parents would not be being a good son.
Do not ask for too many gifts while getting a daughter in-law or marrying a daughter out.
It is a shame just to be nice to a rich man and bad to a poor man.
Avoid confrontations, since there is no winner. Try not to talk too much; avoid things you do not mean to say.
Do not take advantage of a widow and her son; do not kill animals just because you want to eat more.
A person with self-pride can not get along with others, if unchanged, he is often not successful.
Do not get close to bad teens, it will bring you trouble sooner or later. Be humble to the experienced and problem solvers; they could help you when you are in trouble.
Do not believe a person who comes to you to saying someone else is bad. When arguing with others, think hard because it might just be your fault.
When you help others, forget. When others help you, be sure to remember.
Always leave enough room for others; when successful, be satisfied, not too greedy.
When others celebrate, do not be jealous; when others fail or experience disaster, do not feel fortunate and happy.
When doing a good deed for show, it does not make a nice person. When doing a bad thing to be hidden, it really makes an evil person.
Whenever you see a beautiful woman and have bad thoughts, remember bad things could happen to your wife and daughter. Evil thoughts hurt people; they only hurt your offspring.
Even poor without much to eat or wear and paying all taxes leaving nothing more, be nice to each other, because it still brings happiness.
Study classics not for passing the civil examination, but for becoming a good citizen. When becoming an official, you need to put the country’s interests first, not yourself or your own family first.
Do your everyday job; live your everyday life. God will take care of the rest.
If one could follow all of the above, that would be close to the ideal person.
- Fourteen pages of specific rules our Guans were suppose to follow, for the guidelines of any future family Zhu Pu (clan book), including ancestors burial, each family member (husband, wives, sons and daughters, sons’ wives), naming sons, financial dealings for family shrines (e.g., harm/disrespect of parents, great-grandparents, punishment from spanking to death, spanking or kicking out of the family shrine if one chose not to work, becoming drunk and committing adultery or visiting a brothel). The spanking stick (flat bamboo or wooden piece, 3 feet long, 1.5 inch wide)
- Rules of the Guan Family Shrines, including how each family functions and how to settle family disputes. How to mange the family shrines, since we had three.
- List of the Qing Emperors starting from Shunzhi (順治1643-1661); they did not acknowledge two Emperors before ShuZhi, Tàizōng Hong Taiji and Chéngzōng Dorgon. We all understand why, they had too much blood on their hands.
- Twelve pages of the family dress codes that I had no clue about. That is why I hated dressing up all my life.
- Ten pages of Guan ancestors’ burial maps.
Burial map of my great great grandfather Rong (溶公1743-1798) Burial map of Rong's (溶公) wife Tong (童 1745-1807)
- Three Imperial Edicts (皇帝制曰) for three generations of Guans. (Shortened by Frank Tsay (蔡逢庚), a member of New England Hakka Association. The Emperor awarded three ranks promotion for three generations above Guan Chen Xiang, who was a local fifth rank official.) 成祥克襄王一事,朝廷嘉其功,官加三級,褒其祖上三代,樹德滋嗣,垂教有方,循良教忠,並封贈爵位名號,以示天下天子褒揚有功之士之承諾. 曾祖父 雲輝公 錫封 中議大夫,曾祖母 張氏 封為淑人 祖父 清公 錫封 中議大夫,祖母 黃氏 邱氏 封為淑人 父 立原公 錫封 中議大夫,母 許氏 封為淑人.Imperial Edicts (皇帝制曰) from Guangxu Emperor (光緒) for my family
- List of Guan widows who stayed and did not remarry over twenty years. Fourteen total. Ting Gue’s wife Huang became a widow when she was nineteen years old. Lee Jin's wife Laio was a widow when she was 28 years old, died at age of 77. Two were recorded in local offical history book.
- Orders (班次记) before the generation poems: 文祖,辉公, 清(溶洵澝), 立, 成 five generations. Then 朝庭选举, 忠孝尊荣, 武功丕显, 新体昭明，长思世德, 大振家声 for twenty-four more generations. We have reached (荣) generation at the Neijiang farm.
- Foreword for this Zhu Pu, which took ten years (during Daoguang 道光) to finish, by Chen Zhong (成仲).
- Introduction of the Guan family Zhu Pu. The Guan family moved southward from Shanghang (上杭) to Yongding (永定) during the Southern Song period (南宋1127-1279). It was about this time when our Shangguan shortened to Guan. There were about ten generations in Shanhang (上杭) (before the Guan moved to Yongding (永定) and then to Sichuan. By Ju Ren Zhen (恩科举人世姻曾慶昌).
- Introductions of the new additions of the Guan family Zhu Pu by in-law Ju Ren Zhang (内江庠生世姻晚张龠). Si Yan 世姻 means that our Guan and Zhang families had been marrying each other for generations.
- First family wealth divisions since 1724, after 84 years. The first two generations (文祖,辉公) had worked very hard as a blacksmith which started in Rong Chong (荣昌) now (内江). They expanded the business, including oil houses, land, and other properties with hundreds of employees. Four grown-up sons (清,溶,洵,澝/濘) divided all the family wealth evenly in 1808.
- New rules set up for the Guan family shrines. Each son contributed 100 Chuan (钏) for the Guan family shrines. The Guan’s expanded with more farmland, purchased from the Chen’s by Lee Yuan (立原) in 1867.
- Memorial for great-great-grandmother Zhang who lived to age ninety-three (Yuen Hui’s wife) by in-law Confucius educator, Jin Si Lo Wen Yong (内江县儒学教諭甲子科副进士罗文黼) and in-law Wu Xi Fan (吴鍚蕃). Also, a memorial by Jin Zi Wang Go, who built the famous house “景坡楼” in Neijiang. 清嘉庆七年（1802年）进士, 字希仲, 又字退斋, 号称六泉居士山东武定府知府王果.
- Memorial for great-great-grandfather Wen Gung and Yuen Hui (耀遠,彩祥父子) by in-law Ju Ren Zhen 恩科举人曾慶昌. And in-law Ju Ren Zhang 内江庠生世姻晚张龠. Memorial for great-great-grandfather Qing (清公) by 板橋居士黄電金.
- Memorial for our branch’s great-great-grandfather Rong (太学生溶公). He worked hard with his uncle Zhang in the oil house and sugarhouse. With the money, they bought the land and built our first family shrine across the river under the foothills of Mt Emei from San Yan Ta. (三元塔) 2,000 Guans still live on this farm today.
- Memorial for Xuen (洵), Ning (濘), Li Ren (仁).
- Memorial for our branch’s great-great-grandfather Lee Heng (立亨), who was the beloved youngest son of six. Still, he was a bundle of joy for his parents; he respected them, checked everything with them, and won the greatest love back from his parents. He was a quiet kind man who never fought with anyone
Guan Wen Gung (文光) 76.
Guan Yuen Hui (云辉) 77.
Guan Xuen (洵) 66.
Guan Yuan (原) 71.
Guan Lee Len (立倫) 70.
Guan Lee Juen (立俊) 66.
Guan Lee Ben (立本) 62.
Guan Chen Xiang (成祥) 87.
Guan Chen Chen (成宦) 86.
Guan Chen Bing (成冰) 81.
Guan Chen Yong (成黼) 80.
Guan Chen Zhong (成仲) 77.
Guan Chen Yong (成墉) 76.
Guan Chen Gong (成纲) 75.
Guan Chen Zhang (成章) 74.
Guan Chen Mo (成模) 73.
Guan Chen Kai (成楷) 73.
Guan Chen Kong (成康) 73.
Guan Chen Jun (成均) 71.
Guan Chen Fong (成芳) 66.
Guan Chen Guen (成桂) 63.
Guan Chen Sen (成聖) 62.
Guan Chen Rei (成瑞) 60.
Guan Chao Xue (朝绪) 76.
Guan Chao Bing (朝彬) 74.
Guan Chao Zuo (朝佐) 72.
Guan Chao Ping (朝聘) 71.
Guan Chao Lue (朝堃) 70.
Guan Chao Yang (朝陽) 68.
Guan Chao Zuen (朝尊) 67.
Guan Chao Xuan (朝鮮) 67.
Guan Chao Gie (朝績) 66.
Guan Chao Wei (朝衛) 64.
Guan Chao Liang (朝樑) 64.
Guan Chao Xung (朝馨) 64.
Guan Chao Zhen (朝政) 63.
Guan Chao Fu (朝富) 63.
Guan Chao Yuan (朝元) 63.
Guan Chao Hen (朝衡) 62.
Guan Chao Wei (朝緯) 61.
Guan Chao Lan (朝南) 60.
Guan Chao Dou (朝斗) 60.
Guan Ting Zhu (延珠) 77.
Guan Ting Gi (延璣) 65.
Guan Ting Kui (延瓩) 64.
Guan Ting Zi (延芝) 64.
Guan Ting La (延讷) 61
Wives in Sichuan who made the healthy list: (at least 60 years old)
Zhang (张淑人) - Yuen Hui’s (云辉) wife 93.
Qu (邱氏) – Qing’s (清公) wife 85.
Wang (王氏) - Xuen (洵) wife 85.
Tong (童氏) Rong (溶公) wife 63.
Xui (许氏) - Yuan (立原) wife 85.
Lao (廖氏) – Lee Jin (立敬) wife 77.
Wang (王氏) – Lee Ji (立基) wife 85.
Liu (刘氏) – Lee Qian (立廉) wife 77.
Zhen (曾氏) – Lee Juen (立俊) wife 73.
Den (邓氏) – Lee Len (立倫) wife 80.
Den (邓氏) – Lee Heng (立亨) wife 67.
Xie (谢氏) – Lee De (立德) wife 67.
Xie (谢氏) – Lee Xin (立信) wife 62.
Wu (吴氏) – Lee Zen (立仁) wife 61.
Den (邓氏) - Chen Fong (成芳) wife 93.
Wei (魏氏) - Chen Mo (成模) wife 79.
Zhang (张氏) - Chen Kai (成楷) wife 78.
Zhang (张氏) - Chen Jun (成均) wife 76.
Wang (王氏) - Chen Rei (成瑞) wife 74.
Wu (吴氏) – Chen Jie (成杰) wife 73.
Lin (林氏) - Chen Rei (成瑞) wife 73.
Zhen (曾氏) –Chen Jian (成鑑) wife 72.
Wu (吴氏) – Chen Sen (成聖) wife 71.
Jiang (江氏) - Chen Che (成鐸) wife 71.
Wu (吴氏) – Chen Bing (成冰) wife 70.
Xie (谢氏) – Chen Zhong (成仲) wife 70.
Lin (林氏) - Chen Xiang (成祥) wife 70.
Zhang (张氏) - Chen Kong (成康) wife 69.
Sen (沈氏) - Chen Yong (成墉) wife 67.
Wu (吴氏) – Chen Guen (成桂) wife 66.
Lie (赖氏) - Chen Xiang (成祥) wife 65.
Zhou (周氏) – Chen Mo (陈謨) wife 61.
Ye (葉氏) – Chao Zen (朝禎) wife 85.
Zhang (张氏) - Chao Zuo (朝佐) wife 85.
Zhu (朱氏) – Chao Zian (朝赞) wife 85.
Lu (呂氏) – Chao Qing (朝欽) wife 79.
Wu (吴氏) – Chao Won (朝望) wife 79.
Wang (王氏) - Chao Xue (朝绪) wife 78.
Wu (吴氏) – Chao Zhen (朝政) wife 75.
Huang (黄氏) - Chao Zuen (朝尊) wife 73.
Wen (文氏) - Chao Xung (朝馨) wife 72.
Laio (廖氏) – Chao Xie (朝御) wife 70.
Xiao (萧氏) – Chao Zhong (朝宗) wife 68.
Wang (王氏) – Chao Liang (朝良) wife 66.
Lin (林氏) – Chao Xie (朝炘) wife 66
Xiao (萧氏) – Chao Bong (朝邦) wife 65.
Li (李氏) – Chao Yi (朝儀) wife 65.
Laio (廖氏) – Chao Liang (朝樑) wife 65.
Xiao (萧氏) – Chao Kuen (朝坤) wife 64.
Geo (郭氏) – Chao Dong (朝棟) wife 64.
Liu (刘氏) – Chao Wei (朝緯) wife 63.
Zhen (曾氏) – Chao Zuen (朝凖) wife 61.
Li (李氏) – Chao Pei (朝佩) wife 60.
Fan (范氏) – Ting Zhu (廷珠) wife 74.
Lan (蓝氏) – Ting Zhi (廷芝) wife 64.
Wang (王氏) – Ting Kui (延瓩) wife 62
Second generation: Lian Yi (念一郎公 1460) and his wife Zhen (曾氏 )had a son De Zhong (德宗公). He and his wife were buried in Lo Bei Beitou Eou (羅 (罗)埤背頭窝).
Third generation: De Zhong (德宗公 1480) and his wife Zhang (张氏) had a son Fa San Long (法三郎). He and his wife were buried in Hen Qi Gehuli Eou (横溪隔湖裏窝).
Fourth generation: Fa San Long (法三郎公 1510) and his wife Ruan (阮氏) had a son Fa Young (法養公). He and his wife were buried in Si Gou Beitou Eou (石窝背頭窝).
Fifth generation: Fa Young (法養公 1540) and his wife Liu (刘氏) had a son Fa Rong (法荣公). He had his wife were buried in Pen Gou Sai Beitou Eou Hen Qi Li (棚古塞背頭窝横溪田里).
Sixth generation: Fa Rong (法荣公 1560) and his wife Zhang (张氏) had a son Fa Bao (法保公). He and his wife were buried on the left side of Guan Wu Eou (官屋窝左边上下二穴).
Seven generation: Fa Bao (法保公 1590) and his wife Guan (關/关氏) had a son Zi Won (子旺公). They were buried in Jiao Tou Eou (蕉頭窝).
Eighth generation: Zi Won (子旺公): his two wife Lo (罗氏) had two sons. buried in Jao Tou Eou Tian Shang (蕉头窝田上). Shang Len (尚能) and Shang Li.( married to Wen (温). He was buried in Gao Nanzhou Eou Tien (高南竹窝田上) and his wife was buried in Hu Da Eou Gou (虎打窝沟上). They had a stone memorial.
Ninth generation: Shang Len (尚能公 1620) and his two wives Wu(吴),Liao (廖氏 ) had two sons. The oldest one was Wen Gung (文光), (former name Xian Gung (獻光) and the younger son was Wen Ming (文明) (former name Xian Ming (献 明). Shang Len was buried in Gao Nan Zhou Eou Tien (高南竹窝田), there was a porcelain memorial (有瓦碑) and his wives were buried in Han Tang Li Guang Long Bian Tien (旱 塘裏广垄边田上). The two sons went to Sichuan in 1724 (雍正甲辰二年). Xian Ming (獻明) returned and the oldest Xian Guan (獻光) stayed in Sichuan (往西蜀居内江县西街).
Tenth generation: Wen Gung (文光 1662-1738), former name Xian Gung (獻光), courtesy name Yao Yuan (耀远), born between 7-9 am on May 15, 1662 (康熙元年) in Yongding (永定县溪南里龙门乡寨上横溪人). His wife, Wang (王), passed away in Fujian Yongding and was buried next to his father Shang Len’s two wives, Wu and Laio, in Han Tang Li Guang Long Bian Tien (旱 塘裏广垄边田上). At age sixty-two, Wen Gung gave up his comfortable life at home and took his son Yuen Hui (云辉 who was twenty-six years old at the time) and his younger brother Xian Ming (獻明/文明) on a very difficult journey to West Street Neijiang (内江), Sichuan over 5,000 km away with a great vision. They brought ready-to-eat food with them with minimal luggage. They sailed their own boat from Lake DongTing (洞庭湖) to the Yangzi River, passing through the Three Gorges (三峡) on the way. Wen Gung opened a blacksmith shop and bought properties there. He died at age seventy-six. He had built his own burial site before he died on the East Side of the new town, ba lipai lou (八里牌楼冲). Xian Ming (献明), did not like to stay in Sichuan and went back to Fujian, where we lost contact.
Eleventh generation: Yuen Hui (云辉公1699-1775) (courtesy name 彩祥) was born between 3-5 PM on June 11, 1699 in Yongding (永定县溪南里龙门乡寨上, 横溪人). In 1724, he followed his father to Sichuan. He was a blacksmith and soon owned his own oil house. His great-great grandson Chen Xiang (成祥 1820-1906) was a fifth rank official (清正五品概授奉政大夫) in (Xue County)叙县 (today’s XueYong County (叙永县). He was promoted as a Mandarin of the third rank Qing official (三品中/通议大夫) by the Guangxu Emperor (光绪) on February 12, 1880, three ranks higher than his great-grandson. He died in his oil house in Bei Town (椑镇) in 1775 at age seventy-seven. He was buried on April 3 at Fu Yi Zhao Ba Zhong SiBa Zuei Xiang Lian Hua Xing (富邑廟壩场石壩嘴乾 向蓮花形). In 1812, his grandson Guan Lee Ji (立基) was a salt official in the center of the salt trading city of Hangzhou 杭州 (候补分司-盐务分司长官,掌督察各盐场, 辅助盐运使 盐法道管理盐务). Lee Ji was in charge of salt wells and salt transportation. He performed Yuen Hui’s second burial and listed Wen Gung and Yuen Hui in the local history book. Local official (邑侯浙西顾文耀) also wrote the four-word phase 源远流长, which means a long stream from a well-established distant source, which implied the Guan family’s root extended far away. His wife Zhang (张) was born between 3-5 am on February 23, 1715 in Wu Ping County (武平县), Dingzhou, Fujian. Her father Zhang Jiu Se (张九思) took her and her brother along to Sichuan when she was twelve. She married Yuen Hui (云辉公) at age seventeen. She was a good wife and died in the winter of 1807 at an oil house in Bei Town (椑镇) at age ninety-three. She was buried on right side of Chen Family Shrine (陈壩宗词). On February 28, 1830, her second burial was done in Mt Emei. Around 1890, she was awarded third rank’s wife Sue Zen (淑人祖母) and listed on Tombstone 碑阴墓志. They had five sons: FuXing 福星(died young), Qing清, Rong溶, Xuen 洵, Ning 濘. and five daughters. The second son 溶 was our branch’s grandfather. The left side of the word sons’ names contains the character for "water".
Qing (清公 1740-1797), courtesy name was Ming Yuan (明远). He was born between 7-9 am on April 14, 1740. He was a Tian Xuie Shen 太学生. He not only studied books, but also practiced very good martial arts. He never spent a lot of money on himself, but was generous to others. His grandson, Chen Xiang (成祥), was a fifth rank official (清正五品概授奉政大夫) in Xu Xian 叙县 (today’s Xu Yong Xian 叙永县). The place Xu Xian was the central water transportation hub. Chun Qiu Ci (春秋祠) was built by salt merchants in 1900. He was promoted as a Mandarin of the third rank Qing official (三品 通议大夫 中议大夫) by the Guangxu Emperor (光绪) on February 12, 1880, which was three ranks higher than his grandson. He died on February 5, 1797 at age fifty-seven. His second burial was between 3-5 PM on March 5, 1843 at Ye Xiu Chong (岳秀冲寅向). His first wife Huang (黄) was born between 11 pm and 1 am on February 3, 1739. She was the aunt of DeRen (德仁) of LoShan (乐山), who was a GongShen (贡生), also called MingJing (明经), essentially smart people who advised the Emperor. (科举时代, 挑选府, 州, 县生(秀才)中成绩或资格优异者, 升入京师的国子 监读书,称为贡生. 意谓以人才贡献给皇帝. 清代贡生, 别称“明经”). She was awarded as a Sue Zen 淑人. Her Huang family was well-known as a big noble family with great numbers of officials throughout history (江夏巨族, 昭皇恩浩荡, 圣德优渥). She died between 7-9 AM on April 7th 1765 at age twenty-six after giving birth to her only son, Ben (本). She was buried in Chen Ba (陈壩丑向). Guan Qing married again to Qou (邱), who was born at noon on March 25, 1755. She was like his first wife from a noble family and she too was promoted to a Sue Zen (淑人). She died between 3-5 PM on June 15th 1860 at age eighty-five. She was buried on the left side in Chen Ba (陈壩). Guan bore Qou two girls and two boys. The boys’ names were Ben (本) and Yuan (原).
Lee Ben (立本 1764-1825), former name Huai Yi (怀义). His courtesy name was RouQuan (如泉) and his pseudonym was BeiTong (柏堂). He was born between 7-9 AM on September 29, 1764. He was a Young Shen or Xung Che (秀才或庠生), loved poems and paintings, and never stopped studying. He was well-known far away from home for his good manners and skills as a public speaker. He died between 7-9 PM on October 2, 1825 at age sixty-two and was buried in Chen Ba (陈壩). His wife Zhang (张) was born on May 28, 1764 and died between 1-3 PM on February 3, 1818 at age fifty-five and was buried in Tong Fu San(同夫山). She had three sons: Long (龙), Feng (鳯), Shi (狮).
Chen Long (成龙 1784-1829), former name Lee Zhong (理常), was born between 7-9 am on May 6, 1784 and died between 5-7 PM on July 2, 1829 at the age of forty-six. His wife Zhang (张) was born between 5-7 AM on Oct 16th 1782. She had a girl and four sons: Fu (辅), Rang (勷), Xiang (相), Bi (弼).
Lee Yuan (立原 1797-1867 was the second son of Qing Gou (清公). He was born between 3-5 AM on February 14, 1797 anddied in 1867 at the age of seventy-one. His second son, Chen Xiang (成祥), was a fifth rank official (清正五品概授奉政大夫) in Xu Xian (叙县) (today’s Xu Yong Xian (叙永县). He was promoted as a Mandarin of the third rank Qing official (三品 通议大夫 中议大夫) by the Guangxu Emperor (光绪).
Chen Xiang (成祥 1820-1906) was born on July 8, 1820 and died on June 24, 1906 at age eighty-seven. He was a Mandarin of the fifth rank official (清正五品概授奉政大夫) in Xu Xian (叙县) (today’s Xu Yong (叙永县). The place was the closest way out from Sichuan eastward to the sea. It neighbored Yunnan and Guizhou and it was an important transit point. He was an example of what a man should be: fair to others, disciplined, accumulated a lot of land, and helpful to his father, brothers, and whole family.
Twelfth generation: Rong (溶公 1743-1798) was the second son of Yuen Hui (云辉公). He was born between 1-3 AM on September 28, 1743. He was a student in Ge Zi Jian (国子监) which was the highest place of learning in the country (諡恵勤 太学生). He was brilliant and fair with the country’s fare. He was a reformer with vision for the new China. He died between 5-7 PM on Aug 5th 1798 at age fifty-five. His second burial was between 7-9 AM on July 24, 1882 in Chen Family Shrine (陈壩棠棣祠). His first wife, Chen (陈), was a thrifty good wife. She was born at noon on July 12, 1742, and died between 5-7 PM on May 2, 1763. She was buried in Yue Xiuchong (岳秀冲). She bore him a son Ren (仁). His second wife Tong (童) was born between 5-7 PM on Feb 12, 1745. She was a kind, hard-working caretaker. She died between 7-9 AM on September 17, 1807. She was buried in Chang Yan Pu Zhang Da Wan (长堰舗张大塆). She had two daughters married to Zhang (太学生) and Peng Gu-Se. She had six sons Huai Lee (怀禮), Ren (仁), Xing (信), Jing (敬,) Lun (倫), and Heng (亨). The first son Huai Li (怀禮) died young and was buried with his first wife, Chen. The youngest son Heng (亨) was our branch’s grandfather with his second wife, Tong. He bought land from Chen and built the first house on today’s Guan Farm. The house became the second Guan family shrine (中祠堂).
Thirteenth generation: Lee Heng (立亨 1788-1823) was born between 3-5 AM on December 24, 1788. He was a great man: friendly, kind, and caring. He was also a law-abiding citizen (英伟敦笃孝友气度端嚴). His father Rong (溶公) died when Lee Heng was ten years old and he lost his mother when he was nineteen. Unfortunately, there was no mention of how the wealth was distributed. The new group in charge was not fair to our youngest great-great grandfather. He had to abandon his private education and work on the family farm from before daybreak until sundown. He died between 1-3 PM on Oct 17, 1823 at age thirty-five. He was buried in Chen Family Shrine (陈壩). His wife Deng (邓) was born between 11 PM-1 AM on June 25, 1789. She died between 7-9 PM on April 21, 1879 and was buried in Tong Fu San (同夫山). They had one daughter and two sons. The sons were Gui (桂) and Fong (芳).
Fourteenth generation: Chen Gui (陈桂 1809-1872). His Pseudonym was Fu Chuan (福川), which means “happy Sichuan.” He was born between 5-7 PM on April 4,1809 and died between 5-7 PM on July 19, 1872 at age sixty-three. He was buried in Xian Li Xiang Tan (仙里響滩). He lost his father when he was fourteen years old. He and his brother Chen Fong likely moved away from the farm to Zigong for salt. He started our salt business. Chen Gui was smart and quick to react in any situation (性敏达明哲智畧过人). His wife Wu (吴) was born between 1-3 AM on Oct 1,1807 and died between 3-5 PM on June 8, 1873. She was buried with her husband. Her two daughters married to Wu Wenyao (太学生) and Wang. Her two sons were Zong (宗) and Liang (梁). The oldest son Zong (宗) was our branch’s grandfather.
Fifteenth generation: Chao Zong (朝宗 1841-1882). His Pseudonym was Fu Chuan Zhi (福川). He was born between 3-5 PM on the third day of the full moon in 1841. He was a brilliant smart businessman and merchant (精明纯雅商业超羣). Chao Zong died between 5-7 AM on February 24, 1882. He was buried in Ge Xian LiLi Jia Ge zi San (葛仙里李家溝子山). His wife, Xiao (肖), was born between 7-9 AM on February 6, 1844. Her two daughters married Fan Mon Chuan (范懋川) and Huang Ge Fan (黄国藩) Her two sons were Liao (燎) and Kun (焜). The left side of the word for both sons’ names contains the character for fire (火). The older son’s name, Liao (燎), means the “spread of fire.” He was our branch’s grandfather.
Sixteenth generation: Ting Liao (廷燎) was born between 5-7 AM on September 2, 1864. His wife Liu (刘) was born between 9-11 AM on Oct 21,1862. Liu’s brother was a trainer for officials (训导泰阶), a position that was the seventh level for a Qing official. She had two daughters; the oldest one married Tong Jiesan (童吉三) and the younger one married Wang. One owned a silk worm farm processing plant and the other owned a sugar plantation and refinery plant. Her five sons were Quan (銓), Jian (鏗), Zhen (鏳), Yong (鏞), Cei (鎡). The left side of the word of each son’s name has the character for gold (金). He gave his second son Jian (鏗) and fifth son Cei (鎡) to his brother Ting Kun (廷焜) as stepsons.
Seventeenth generation: Xuan Quan (选銓 1881-1960). His Pseudonym was Yi Su (一书). He was born between 11AM-1 PM on April 11, 1881. His wife Li (李) was born between 1-3 PM on February 25, 1882; she died between 11 AM - 1 PM on June 14, 1906. She was buried in Chen Family Shrine (陈壩). His second wife Lou (罗) was born between 9-11 PM on October 27, 1886. She had one son named Yu (煜) who was born between 5-7 AM on September 17, 1909.
My grandfather was the third son of Ting Liao (廷燎). Xuan Zhen (选鏳) born between 9-11 PM on September 14, 1895. His style name was Ze Shu (泽书). The fourth son was Xuan Yun (选鏞), who was born between 11am-1 PM on November 4,1898.
Chen Guen (陈桂)’s second son 朝梁 was born between 11 AM-1 PM on March 9, 1845 and died between 7-9 PM on August 20, 1863 at age eighteen. He was buried in Chen Ba (陈壩). He adopted his older brother Chao Zong (朝宗)’s younger son (廷焜).
Ting Kuen (廷焜) was born between 11 PM –1 AM on February 3, 1878. He died between 9-11 PM on May 8, 1905 at age twenty-seven. He was buried in Chen Ba (陈壩). He adopted his older brother Ting Liao’s (廷燎) second son Jian (鏗) and fifth son Cei (鎡). Xuan Jian (选鏗) was born between 3-5 PM on November 24, 1887. Finally, Xuan Cei (选鎡) was born between 9-11 AM on February 12, 1903.
By look our generation poem again: 朝庭选举, 忠孝尊荣, 武功丕显, 新体昭明，长思世德, 大振家声.
Please help to rebuild the eleventh generation (1699-1775) grandfather Guan Yuen Hui ' s tomb: 亟待修复的内江官氏祖坟-云辉公墓